Lancaster, OH

Lancaster (local pronunciation /ˈlæŋkəstər/ lang-kəs-tər or even /ˈlæŋkstər/ langk-stər) is a city in Fairfield County, Ohio,United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 38,780. It is located near the Hocking River, approximately 33 miles (53 km) southeast of Columbus and is the county seatof Fairfield County.[5]

The earliest known inhabitants of the southeastern and central Ohio region were the Hopewell, Adena, and Fort AncientNative Americans, of whom little evidence survived, beyond the burial and ceremonial mounds built throughout the Ohio and Mississippi valleys. Many mounds and burial sites have also yielded archaeological artifacts.[6] (See also: Serpent Mound andHopewell Culture National Historical Park, which though not located in Fairfield County, are close by.)History

Society and culture

Romanesque-style City Hall building downtown

  • Lancaster is home to the Lancaster campus of Ohio University, offering a variety of two- and four-year baccalaureate degrees, and several master’s programs. This continually expanding branch offers many courses in a variety of settings, including multi-site classes via the Ohio University Learning Network and online classes.
  • Lancaster is home to the Lancaster Festival,[8] an 11-day arts and music festival.
  • Lancaster is home to both the Decorative Arts Center of Ohio[9] and the Ohio Glass Museum,[10] both located within the downtown area.
  • The 1948 20th Century Fox movie Green Grass of Wyoming was filmed at the Fairfield County Fairground in Lancaster, making it the first community in Ohio to act as the setting for a feature length Hollywood movie[citation needed].
  • Lancaster is home to the Fairfield County Fair,[11] a week-long fair and the last (88th) county fair in Ohio each year, always on the second week of October. It features a variety of attractions including truck, tractor, and horse pulls, demolition derbies, concerts, bands, and horse races. The Fairfield County Fair also includes lots of food, exhibits, games, and rides for people of all ages.

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