Chillicothe, OH

Chillicothe (/ˌɪlˈkɒθ/ chil-ə-koth-ee)[6] is a city in and the county seat of Ross County, Ohio, United States.[7]

The population was 21,901 at the 2010 census. It is the only city in Ross County and the center of the Chillicothe Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003). Chillicothe is a designated Tree City USA by theNational Arbor Day Foundation.

History

 First capital sign at edge of the city

Chillicothe was the first and third capital of Ohio and is located in southern Ohio along the Scioto River.

The town’s name comes from the Shawnee Chala·ka·tha, named after one of the five major divisions of the Shawnee people, as it was the chief settlement of that tribal division. The Shawnee and their ancestors inhabited the territory for thousands of years prior to European contact. At the time of European-American settlement, the community was plotted by General Nathaniel Massie on his land grant.

Modern Chillicothe was the center of the ancient Hopewell tradition, which flourished from 200 BCE until 500 CE. This Amerindian culture had trade routes extending to theRocky Mountains. They built earthen mounds for ceremonial and burial purposes throughout the Scioto and Ohio River valleys. Later Native Americans who inhabited the area through the time of European contact included Shawnees. Present-day Chillicothe is the most recent of seven locations in Ohio that bore the name, because it was applied to the main town wherever the Chalakatha settled.

 

Image of President Woodrow Wilson created by 21,000 standing soldiers at Camp Sherman in Chillicothe, 1918

Geograhy

Chillicothe is located at 39°20′11″N 82°59′2″W (39.336525, -82.983822).[10] It lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau.[11] It lies between the Scioto River and Paint Creek near their confluence.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.60 square miles (27.45 km2), of which 10.43 square miles (27.01 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water.[1]

The city is surrounded by farming communities, and Chillicothe residents describe the area as the foothills of the Appalachians.

Education

A branch of Ohio University, Ohio University-Chillicothe is a public 4-year institution which enrolls about 2,000 students each year. Ohio Christian University offers three Associate degree programs, including Christian Ministry, Business Management, and Agribusiness and 5 Bachelor of Arts degrees, including Business Management, Health Care Management, Logistics, Psychology and Substance Abuse Counseling.

The city of Chillicothe provides education for pre-school through grade 12 students. The Chillicothe City School District includes the following facilities: Allen Elementary; Mt. Logan Elementary, previously Mt. Logan Middle School; Tiffin Elementary; Worthington Elementary; Chillicothe Middle School; and Chillicothe High School. Additionally, Wesley-Taylor Preparatory Academy offers private education. Bishop Flaget Catholic School, the parish school of St. Mary’s and St. Peter’s Catholic Churches, offers an academic program with the faith-based component to both Catholic and non-Catholic families for students in Prekindergarten through 8th grade.

Chillicothe is the home of Pickaway-Ross Career & Technology Center, located at 895 Crouse Chapel Road. Founded in 1974, Pickaway-Ross Career & Technology Center (or Pickaway-Ross) is the operational arm of the Pickaway-Ross Joint Vocational School District. Pickaway-Ross offers 20 high school tech-prep programs to students from 10 high schools in Ross and Pickaway counties.

Chillicothe is also home to the Recording Workshop, an audio engineering school.

 Majestic Theatre

Chillicothe is home to the 158-year-old continuously operating Majestic Theatre. Its stage has been graced by such greats as Laurel and Hardy, Milton Berle, George Arliss, Sophie Tucker, and many others. In 1853 the Masonic Hall was built, as the first incarnation of what is now the Majestic Theatre. The two-story brick building was a combination lodge room, dance hall, and theatre. Stock companies stayed for as long as a month, performing a repertory of plays.

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